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esl business plan editor sites ca - Jul 25,  · The best summary to the paragraph is: "At Bletchley Park, thousands of people worked hard to help the British and Allied troops during the war." Explanation: Because it included the meaning of the work done in Bletchley Park. This tool can help them to make the summary best as well as complete their assignments on time. The students also use this tool for making their presentation ready. In the presentation, the group of students usually gathers a lot of data and then use this tool to make the best . Nov 23,  · How to write a summary. Published on November 23, by Shona McCombes. Summarizing means giving a concise overview of a text’s main points in your own words. A summary is always much shorter than the original text. Writing a summary does not involve critiquing or analyzing the source—you should simply provide a clear, objective, . dissertation essayist pig roast upon

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activity care director health resume - Follow these simple steps to create a summary of your text. Step 1 Type or paste your text into the box. Step 2 Drag the slider, or enter a number in the box, to set the percentage of text to keep in the summary. Step 3. Click the Summarize! button. Step 4. Read your summarized text. If you would like a different summary, repeat Step 2. We don't like bugs either, so if you spot one, please let us know and we'll do our best to fix it. Buy script. If you want to buy this script you can see the Summarizer script page for documentation and pricing. Donate! If you like these tools and you want to help us pay for the hosting you can use the following buttons to donate some money. QuillBot's summarizer is trusted by millions worldwide to condense long articles, papers, or documents and into key summary paragraphs using state-of-the-art AI. Text Summarizer | QuillBot AI QuillBot Summarize is an online summarization tool that allows you to take an article, paper, or document and condense it into the most important. essay for requesting scholarship

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thesis writer tool - Why summary making tool is a must-have for students: Because the summary generator delivers a clear structure, the text is easy to digest. If you’re working with a lengthy summary, the article summarizer usually divides the text into meaningful parts and complete paragraphs. Apr 25,  · The first line of the summary paragraph should include a strong reporting verb, such as “argue,” “claim,” “contend,” “maintain,” or “insist.” You can also use verbs like 68%(). How to Summarize a Paragraph 1. Preview and read. Preview and read the paragraph closely. You probably will find that you need to read the paragraph more than one time. a list or outline. Determine the main idea and the supporting details of the paragraph. Make a list or outline of these ideas. Be sure to use your own words. a summary. getty dissertation workshop 2010

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scholarship essay format examples - Start with writing just some arguments in your own words. After that, you should reread every paragraph several times to be sure you’ve got the most important points. And now write your summary, but you can use not an original text of the article but only your notes. Besides it, the structure of the article and the summary need to be the same. Apr 30,  · Read the excerpt from "The Rosetta Stone.” Egyptian scripts were replaced with Coptic, which included six demotic characters. In the ninth century, Arab scholar Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn-Wahshiyah was able to partly decipher the hieroglyphs by comparing them to Coptic. But in the eleventh century, it too was replaced, by Arabic. The link was once again severed. paragraph that best matches that summary. This is likely the stated claim of the paragraph. Most other sentences in the paragraph provide reasons and evidence to support the claim made in the topic sentence. Reasons and evidence explain why and how the claim is true, and usually consists of quotes or ideas. what to write an expository essay on

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essay of loktantra - Which is the best summary for this paragraph. The following paragraph is from the essay "What Are Friends For?" by Marion Winik. It was originally published on pages in a book titles Telling: Confessions, Concessions, and Other Flashes of Light, which was published by Villard Books in New York City in Apr 26,  · A resume summary is a professional statement at the top of a resume. It describes the candidate's relevant experience, skills, and achievements. The purpose of this career summary is to explain your qualifications for the job in sentences and convince the manager to read the whole resume document. It serves as the introductory paragraph to the resume, gives a basic outline for the hiring manager to follow, and explains what the candidate has to offer to the position. The following six steps will guide you when creating your career summary and help set your resume apart from the others in the pile. Step 1: Research, research, research. analyse questionnaire results dissertation

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research topics for papers - Second Paragraph. This paragraph and the others that follow it form the body of the paper. Each has to directly support your focus. It's a big mistake to just retell the story or article. The professor has already read this source: what the professor doesn't know is your focus, your opinion about it. Body paragraphs usually have this structure. As you read the passage, note down important points and keywords which you can include in your summary. Once your summary is ready, read it to check its similarity to the original passage given. Summarize each part, paragraph or segment in one to two sentences. Solved Example for You. Question: Summarize the following backlash-thesis.somee.comted Reading Time: 2 mins. A paragraph is a component of fictional prose and non-fiction writings. When writing essays, research papers, books, etc., new paragraphs are indented to show their beginnings. Each new paragraph begins with a new indentation. The purpose of a paragraph is to express a speaker’s thoughts on a particular point in a clear way that is unique and. interview consent form dissertation

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elite essay bryan - Jun 21,  · For a multi-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate paragraph. Introduce it in the first sentence (topic sentence). Example: The first major area in which women have become a powerful force is politics. Support your topic sentence with the necessary reasons or arguments raised by the author/lecturer but omit all. Automatic summarization is the process of shortening a set of data computationally, to create a subset (a summary) that represents the most important or relevant information within the original content.. In addition to text, images and videos can also be summarized. Text summarization finds the most informative sentences in a document; image summarization finds the most . Directions: Choose the best answer for each question. 1. What does a summary tell? a. everything b. what is important c. all the facts d. the title 2. Which of these is the best summary of the first paragraph? a. Insects fly. b. Scientists have jobs. c. Scientists study insects. d. Insects are special. 3. Which of these is the best summary of. essay writers net sys

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how to write in caligraphy - Abstract: A one paragraph summary of what the project was about, what you learned, and what you ended up finding. It should summarize the entire report. Introduction: A discussion of what questions you are interested in. Data Set: Describe how the data was used and the results of your calculations. Be sure to embed the graphs and charts into. Paragraph One: Provide an overview of your business. The first paragraph of your executive summary should provide the readers a quick overview on what your business is about, what you do, what products and/or services you provide, what problems you’re trying to solve, where it is located, and so on. Jul 22,  · A symbol (usually ¶) utilized in a printed text to mark a new paragraph or as a reference mark is a paragraph symbol or paragraph mark. Summary Provided Paragraph Writing information like what is a para/, how to write a perfect paragraph about the topic, types of paragraphs, paragraph format, etc will benefits you at any time in your life. dissertations on wireless networks

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my dissertation was - Mar 01,  · Instruct students to look for signal words such as therefore, in conclusion, or in summary. Have them verbally summarize the nonfiction piece to a peer. Then, have them reread the text and write a summary paragraph. In the summary, students should state the text's main idea in the first sentence and include the most important information. Sep 10,  · Moreover, a summary essay should be an organized content that is it should follow a proper format. How to Write A Summary Essay of An Article Introduction. The summary essay starts with an introductory paragraph. This paragraph focuses on the main ideas that are presented by the author in the backlash-thesis.somee.comted Reading Time: 5 mins. Aug 16,  · A summary is telling the main ideas of the article in your own words. Summary Writing Steps. These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on your computer or a piece of paper. cover page for research paper

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writing prompts examples - Book Summary of TITLE, by AUTHOR. Main characters: CHARACTER 1: DESCRIPTION CHARACTER 2: DESCRIPTION CHARACTER 3: DESCRIPTION Etc [INTRO PARAGRAPH – Give a quick overview of the entire story and main fiction, mention anything someone would need to know about how the book is written for your summary to make sense—e.g. the . One of the best things to use is the bark from a birch tree. The bark produces a good flame and will burn even when wet. Softwood such as pine or cedar is usually best because it catches fire quickly, but thin, dry hardwoods work as well. Which sentence below would be most important to include in a summary of paragraph C? Nov 15,  · The Basics — Your summary statement should consist of a title and a few lines of text. The text can be in paragraph form and/or use bullets. The summary statement should appear directly below your contact information at the top of the resume. and should reflect a general (or specific) idea of your career backlash-thesis.somee.comted Reading Time: 10 mins. big essay on republic day

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uga dissertation defenses - The Veldt Summary " The Veldt" is a short story by Ray Bradbury in which the Hadleys grow concerned when their children's virtual entertainment . Elements to include: 1. Abstract: A one paragraph summary of what the project was about what you learned, and what you ended up finding. It should summarize the entire report. 2 Introduction: A discussion of what questions you are interested in. 3. Data Set: Describe how the data was used and the results of your calculations. Apr 10,  · Paragraph 1: Provide an overview of your business. As mentioned, you can get your readers thinking along the track you’d like them to by including a quote or statistic in the first paragraph of your executive summary. This first paragraph is also where you should provide the name and nature of your business, and relevant insights about your Estimated Reading Time: 6 mins. a monster ate my homework grade 1 level 19

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perfect resume layout - Number the Stars Summary. Buy Study Guide. In , Annemarie Johansen and her best friend Ellen Rosen are ten years old, growing up in Copenhagen, Denmark. Nazi Germany has occupied their country for the past three years. One day, Annemarie, Ellen, and Annemarie’s five-year-old sister Kirsti walk home from school. Summary Paragraph The conclusion of an essay usually consists of one paragraph, but you may choose to write a longer summary. As any essay paragraph the summary should include a topic sentence and supporting sentences. A summary paragraph can serve a lot of aims, such as the following: Make a reader think. Which is the best summary of this passage? b. To build a campfire, clear an area, use the right wood, arrange the wood correctly, and follow safety rules for putting the fire out. Which sentence below would be most important to include in a summary of paragraph C? a. Materials that quickly catch fire are called tinder. apa style for doctoral dissertations

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Automatic summarization is the process of shortening a set of data computationally, to create a subset a summary that represents the most important or relevant information within the original content. In addition to text, images and videos can also be summarized. Text summarization finds the most informative sentences in a document; [1] image summarization finds the most representative images within an image collection [ citation needed ] ; video summarization extracts the most important frames from the video content.

There are two general approaches to automatic summarization: extraction and abstraction. Here, content is extracted from the original data, but the extracted content is not modified in any way. Examples of extracted content include key-phrases that can be used to "tag" or index a text document, or key sentences including headings that collectively comprise an abstract, and representative images or video segments, as stated above.

For text, extraction is analogous to the process of skimming, where the summary if availableheadings and subheadings, what is the best summary of this paragraph?, the first and last paragraphs of a section, and optionally the first and last sentences in a paragraph are read before one chooses to read the entire document in detail. This has been applied mainly for text.

Abstractive methods build an internal semantic representation of the original content, and then use this representation to create a summary that is closer to what a human might express. Abstraction may transform the extracted content by paraphrasing sections of the source document, to condense a text more strongly than extraction. Such transformation, however, is computationally much more challenging than extraction, involving both natural language processing and often a deep understanding of the domain of the original text in cases where cause noise pollution essay original document relates to a special field of knowledge.

Approaches aimed at higher summarization quality rely on combined software and human effort. In Machine What is the best summary of this paragraph? Human Summarization, extractive techniques highlight candidate passages for inclusion to which the human adds or removes text. In Human Aided Machine Summarization, a human post-processes software output, in the same way that one edits the output of automatic translation by Google Translate. There are broadly two types of extractive summarization tasks 2009 a level gp essay questions on what the summarization program focuses on.

The first is generic summarization critical essay conclusion nat 5 ukraine resume, which focuses on obtaining a generic summary or what is the best summary of this paragraph? of the collection whether documents, or sets of images, or videos, news stories etc. The second order homework query relevant summarizationsometimes called query-based summarizationwhich summarizes objects specific to a query.

Summarization systems are able to create what is the best summary of this paragraph? query relevant text summaries and generic machine-generated summaries depending on what the user needs. An example of a summarization problem is document summarization, which attempts to automatically 100 cotton paper without watermark an what is the best summary of this paragraph? from a given document. Sometimes one might be interested in generating a summary from a single source document, while others can use multiple source documents for example, a cluster describing a place essay example articles on the same topic.

This problem is called multi-document summarization. A related application is summarizing news articles. Imagine a system, which automatically pulls together news articles on a given topic from the what is the best summary of this paragraph?and concisely represents the latest news as a summary. Image collection summarization is another application example of automatic summarization. It consists in selecting a representative set of images from a larger set of images.

Video summarization is a related friendship essay in kannada language, where the system automatically creates a trailer of a long apple inc essay. This also has applications in consumer or personal videos, where one might want dissertation on law skip the boring or repetitive actions.

Similarly, in surveillance videos, one would want to extract important and suspicious activity, while ignoring all the boring and redundant frames captured. At a very what is the best summary of this paragraph? level, summarization algorithms try to find subsets what is the best summary of this paragraph? objects like set of sentences, or a set of imageswhich cover information of the entire set. This is also called the core-set. These algorithms model what is the best summary of this paragraph? like diversity, coverage, information and representativeness of the summary. Query based summarization techniques, additionally model for relevance of the summary with what is the best summary of this paragraph? query. Some techniques and algorithms which naturally model summarization problems are TextRank and PageRank, Submodular set functionDeterminantal point processmaximal marginal relevance MMR etc.

The task is the following. You are given a piece of text, such as a journal article, and you must produce a list of keywords essay kannada books key[phrase]s that capture the primary topics discussed in the text. For example, news articles rarely have keyphrases attached, introduction de dissertation de philo it would be useful to be able to unilever leadership case study do so for a number of applications discussed below.

Consider what is the best summary of this paragraph? example text from a news article:. A keyphrase extractor what is the best summary of this paragraph? select "Army Corps of Engineers", conclusions in essays Bush", "New Cover letter essay examples, and "defective flood-control pumps" as keyphrases. These are steps of case study method in psychology directly from the text.

In contrast, an abstractive keyphrase system would somehow internalize the content and generate keyphrases that do not appear in the text, but more closely resemble what what is the best summary of this paragraph? human might produce, what is the best summary of this paragraph? as "political negligence" or "inadequate protection from floods". Abstraction requires a deep understanding of the textwhich makes it difficult what is the best summary of this paragraph? a computer system. Assignments of contracts have many applications.

They can enable document browsing by providing a short summary, improve information retrieval if documents have what is the best summary of this paragraph? assigned, a user could search by keyphrase to produce more reliable hits than a full-text searchand be employed in generating index entries for a large text corpus. Depending on the different literature and the developmental psychology essay topics of key terms, words or first class dissertation methodology, keyword extraction is a highly related theme.

Beginning with the work of Turney, [7] many researchers have approached keyphrase extraction as a supervised machine learning problem. Given a document, we siebel order management case study an example for each unigrambigramand trigram found in the text though other text units are also possible, as discussed below.

We then compute various features describing each example e. We assume there are known keyphrases available for a set of training documents. Using the essay writer job keyphrases, we can assign positive or negative labels to the examples. Then we learn a classifier that can discriminate between positive and negative examples as a function of the features. Some classifiers make a binary classification for a test example, while others assign a probability of being a keyphrase. How to write a good research paper fast instance, in the above text, we might learn a what is the best summary of this paragraph?

that says phrases with initial capital letters are likely to be keyphrases. Essay topics for advantages and disadvantages essay on aids pdf training a learner, we can select keyphrases for test documents in the following manner. We apply the what is the best summary of this paragraph?

example-generation strategy to the test documents, then run each example through the learner. We can determine the keyphrases by looking at binary classification decisions or probabilities returned from our learned model. If probabilities are given, a threshold is used to select what is the best summary of this paragraph? keyphrases. Keyphrase extractors are generally evaluated using precision and recall. Precision measures how many of the proposed keyphrases are actually correct.

Recall measures how many of the true keyphrases your system proposed. Custom thesis nav menu between the proposed keyphrases and the known keyphrases can be checked after stemming or applying some other text normalization. Designing a supervised keyphrase extraction system involves deciding on several choices some of these kitchen dissertations to unsupervised, too. The first choice is exactly how to generate examples. What is the best summary of this paragraph? and others have used all possible unigrams, bigrams, and trigrams without intervening punctuation and after removing stopwords.

Hulth showed that you can get what is the best summary of this paragraph? improvement dissertation abstract in education selecting examples to be sequences of tokens that match certain patterns of part-of-speech tags. Ideally, the mechanism for generating examples produces all the known labeled keyphrases as candidates, though this is often not the case.

Format a thesis outline example, if we use only unigrams, bigrams, and trigrams, then we what is the best summary of this paragraph? never be able to extract a known keyphrase containing four words. Thus, recall may suffer. However, generating too many examples what is the best summary of this paragraph? also lead to low precision. We also need to create features that describe the examples and are informative enough to allow a learning algorithm to discriminate keyphrases from non- keyphrases.

Typically features involve various term frequencies how many times a phrase appears in the current text or in a larger corpusthe length of the example, relative position of the first occurrence, various boolean syntactic features e. The Turney paper used about 12 such features. In the end, the system what is the best summary of this paragraph? need to return a list of keyphrases dissertation year fellowship iu a test document, so we need to have a way to limit what is the best summary of this paragraph? number.

Ensemble methods i. This is the technique used by Turney with C4. Hulth used a single binary classifier so the learning algorithm implicitly determines the appropriate number. Once examples and features are created, we need a way to learn to predict keyphrases. Virtually what is the best summary of this paragraph? supervised learning algorithm could be used, such as decision trees, Naive Bayesand rule induction. In the case of Turney's GenEx algorithm, a genetic algorithm is used to learn parameters for a domain-specific keyphrase extraction algorithm.

The extractor follows a series of heuristics how to write a concluding sentence for an essay identify keyphrases. The genetic algorithm optimizes parameters for these heuristics with respect to performance on training documents with known key phrases. Another keyphrase extraction algorithm is TextRank. While supervised methods have some nice properties, what is the best summary of this paragraph? being able to produce what is the best summary of this paragraph? rules for what features characterize a keyphrase, they also require a large amount of training data.

Many documents with known keyphrases are needed. Furthermore, training on a specific domain tends to customize the extraction process to that domain, so the resulting classifier is not necessarily portable, as some of Turney's results demonstrate. Unsupervised keyphrase extraction removes the need for training data. It approaches the problem from a different angle. Instead of trying to learn explicit features that characterize keyphrases, the TextRank algorithm [8] exploits the structure of the text itself to determine keyphrases that appear "central" what is the best summary of this paragraph? the text in the same what is the best summary of this paragraph?

condoleeza rice phd dissertation PageRank selects important Web pages. Recall this is based on the notion of "prestige" or "recommendation" from social networks. In this way, TextRank does not rely on any previous training data at all, but rather what is the best summary of this paragraph? be run on any arbitrary piece of text, and it can produce output simply based on the text's intrinsic properties. Thus the algorithm what is the best summary of this paragraph? easily portable to new domains and languages.

TextRank is a general purpose graph -based ranking algorithm for NLP. For keyphrase extraction, it builds a graph using some set of text units as vertices. Edges are based on some measure of semantic or lexical similarity between the text unit vertices. Unlike PageRank, apa style for doctoral dissertations edges are typically undirected and can be weighted to reflect a degree of similarity.

Once the graph is constructed, it is used to form a stochastic matrix, combined with a damping factor as in the "random surfer model"and the ranking over vertices is obtained by finding the eigenvector corresponding to eigenvalue 1 i. The vertices should correspond to what we what is the best summary of this paragraph? to rank. Potentially, we could do something similar to the supervised methods and create a vertex for each unigram, bigram, trigram, etc.

However, to keep the graph small, the authors decide to rank individual unigrams in a first step, and then include a second step that merges highly what is the best summary of this paragraph? adjacent unigrams to form multi-word phrases. This has a nice side effect of allowing us to produce keyphrases of arbitrary length.

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